Ring Topology is where each node connects exactly to two other nodes, forming a single continuous pathway for signals through each node in a ring. This section will analyze the advantages, disadvantages, and misconceptions of the ring topology.



  • Data is quickly transferred without a ‘bottle neck’. (very fast, all data traffic is in the same direction)
  • The transmission of data is relatively simple as packets travel in one direction only.
  • Adding additional nodes has very little impact on bandwidth
  • It prevents network collisions because of the media access method or architecture required.


  • Data packets must pass through every computer between the sender and recipient therefore this makes it slower.
  • If any of the nodes fail then the ring is broken and data cannot be transmitted successfully.
  • It is difficult to troubleshoot the ring.
  • Because all stations are wired together, to add a station you must shut down the network temporarily.
  • In order for all computers to communicate with each other, all computers must be turned on.
  • Total dependence upon the one cable

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